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Zeus Notes continued

November 7, 2011

insomnia and a head cold make lousy bedfellows.  Below is a continuation of my notes on Zeus…refer to earlier blogs as I’m too damn tired to do it for you.

  • Diasia for Zeus Melikios celebrated upon the first appearance of the ear (2nd agricultural festival)
  • Dipolia for Zeus Polieus celebrated when the harvest was ready for the sickle  (3rd agricultural festival)
  • Zeus Ktesios
    • also had connections to the dios kodion (sacred fleece) which is used for purification purposes during Skirophoria and by the dadoykos (could not find what this was) at Eleusis.  It is spread beneath the feet of those who are to receive purification.
    • closely “allied” with Zeus Melikious, may merely be another descriptive name
    • had power to bestow wealth
    • worshiped with Demeter Anesidora, Athene Tithrone, Cora Protogone and the Semnae (Erinyes)
    • household god presiding over storage and bestowing wealth upon the occupants
    • images of this Zeus kept in an urn (IMO a bit of sympathetic magick to keep Zeus within the household similar to the chaining of Ares)
    • called Ploutodotes (Giver of Wealth)
    • corresponds somewhat closely to the Roman Penates
    • connected with agriculture
      • “To Zeus are given the surnames Ktesios and Epikarpios (Fruit Bearer), for he is the cause of the fruits and giver of wealth and property.” Dion Chrysostom
    • gets ambrosia (pure water, olive oil, pagkarpia aka pounded cakes boiled in honey) in ritual
      • Zeus Georgos (Farmer) received similar offerings on 30th of Maimakterion (Nov/Dec) a day and a month considered sacred to the dead
  • Zeus Kthonios
    • connected to agriculture
    • worshiped with Demeter and Gaia
    • some think this is Hades but the pairing with Demeter and Gaia instead of Persephone make that unlikely
    • also receives black sacrificial animals
  • Zeus Maimaktes
    • First Athenian month named for him, a month when weather is wild and turbulent, the beginning of winter.
    • receives propitiatory rituals to avert weather damage to crops
    • Maimaktes, Melikios, Georgos and Katharsios (Purifying/Atoning) were practically indistinguishable in cult
    • Maimakteria (author’s name for this festival as he couldn’t find one) performed in Novemember to assure the welfare of the newly sewn seed. (1st agricultural festival)
    • Aristotle said that from the earth arise wind and thunders and lightnings and whirlwinds and bolts.  The ancients considered such weather phenomena to dwell in caves.
      • The myth of cave dwelling Cyclopes giving Zeus his thunderbolts may demonstrate that lightning was originally a khthonic weapon.
      • Places struck by lightning were sacred to Zeus Kataibates (Descender), an epithet which Hermes also shares
      • Zeus Brontos (Thunderer) appears on tombstone inscriptions
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